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Lee and Jim Vann Library

Subject Guides

Teaching Strategies for English Language Learners: APA 7th ed.

General Formatting


Double-spaced, with 1" margins on all sides.

11-point Calibri, 11-point Arial, or 12-point Times New Roman

Sections: Title Page, Main Body, and References. 

Title Page: Title (in Bold), Author's Name, Institutional Affiliation,Course Number and Name, Instructor Name, Assignment Due Date, and Page Number in the Header 


APA Headings

Level Format
1 Centered, Bold, Title Case Heading
2 Flush left, Bold, Title Case Heading
3 Flush left, Bold, Italic, Title Case Heading 
4      Indented, Bold, Title Case Heading, Ending with a Period.  
5      Indented, Bold, Italic, Title Case Heading, Ending with a Period. 



Reference Page


Format: Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitlePublisher.

Example: Emmer, E.T. (1984). Classroom management for secondary teachers. Prentice-Hall. 

Scholarly Articles

Format: Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of article. Title of Periodical, volume number(issue number), pages.

Example: Sanli, O. (2019). An evaluation of the teachers' classroom management problems. Education Research and Reviews, 14(8), 282-292.


Format: Author, A. A. (Year, Month Date). Title of page. Site name. URL. 

Example: Price, D. (2018, March 23). Laziness does not exist. Medium. - 3af27e312do1​


*Note: If a DOI is not available, use a stable URL. If a work has a DOI, list it even if you used the print version. 

In-Text Citations

In-Text Citations


When citing directly, include: author, year of publication, and page number. 

When paraphrasing, include: author and year of publication. Page number is recommended by not required. 

With a signal phrase: According to Cummings (2000), "Standards tell us where we're going--what students should learn. They don't tell us how to get there" (p. 1).

Without a signal phrase: The author states, "Standards tell us where we're going--what students should learn. They don't tell us how to get there" (Cummings, 2000, p.1). 


Lee & Jim Vann Library

Pope John Paul II Center

First and Second Floor

Room 101 & 201